Most people have encountered times when they feel depressed. In fact, it is very common to hear, “I am depressed” from our friends and family. But what does this really mean? What are the signs of depression?
What we know is that there is a scale to depression.
In some respects, there are ‘normal depressive experiences’ and then there are ‘severe depressive experiences.’
According to the DSM 5, if you are experiencing 5 or more of these symptoms, nearly everyday for 2 weeks or longer, it is likely that you are outside the normal limits and you are experiencing the signs of depression.
Below are some of the signs of depression:
- Feeling sad, empty, hopeless, or irritable most of the day, beyond normal experiences.
- A loss of interest in previously enjoyable activities.
- Significant changes in weight, whether gain or loss.
- Significant changes in sleep, inability to sleep or oversleeping.
- Fatigue or loss of energy.
- Psychomotor agitation.
- Feelings of worthlessness, or excessive inappropriate guilt.
- Indecisiveness, or inability to think or concentrate.
- Recurrent thoughts of death or suicidal ideation.
- These symptoms are causing significant impairment and distress in one’s occupation, social life, and/or other important areas of functioning.
- Symptoms are not related to substances, or medical conditions.
- Symptoms are not better explained by other diagnoses.
*It is also important to note that experiences may vary from culture to culture.
Maybe you or someone you know has been exhibiting the signs of depression.
There is no shame in seeking help. Suffering silently is one of the biggest pains to bear.
If you or someone you know is showing the signs of depression, take initiative and connect with a mental health professional today.
*This post was noted for general educational purposes only. It is not exhaustive and it is not intended to replace a formal assessment or diagnosis from a mental health professional.